Pattern recognition in the neocognitron is improved by neuronal adaptation
Van Ooyen, A., and Nienhuis, B. (1993). Biol. Cybern. 70: 47-53. [Full text: PDF]
We demonstrate that equipping the neurons of Fukushima's Neocognitron with the phenomenon that a neuron decreases its activity when repeatedly stimulated (adaptation) markedly improves the pattern discriminatory power of the network. By means of adaptation, circuits for extracting discriminating features develop preferentially. In the original neocognitron, in contrast, features shared by different patterns are preferentially learned, as connections required for extracting them are more frequently reinforced.